Pilgrimage Tour

Amarnath History

History of Amarnath

It is believed that ice stalagmite at Amarnath cave has been an object of worship since antiquity. There are references to the legendary king Aryaraja who used to worship a lingam formed of ice in Kashmir, circa 300 BC. It is believed that Queen Suryamathi in the 11th century AD gifted trishuls, banalingas and other sacred emblems to this shrine. Furthermore, there are further references to this pilgrimage in many other ancient texts.


Although the existence of the Holy Cave has been mentioned in the Puranas, it is believed that the importance of this revered shrine lost its place in the memories of people in Middle Ages and was completely forgotten.

It was in the 15th century that the shrine was rediscovered by the shepherd named Buta Malik. The legend says that Buta Malik was given a bag of coal by a sage. Upon reaching home, the shepherd opened the bag and to his surprise it was a bag full of gold coins! Overjoyed, he ran back to meet the sage to thank him. To his utter amazement, the sage had disappeared and instead he found the holy cave and the ice Shiv Lingam instead. He announced this discovery to the villagers and thus the sacred pilgrimage of Amarnath began once again.

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